Free Homosexuality Paper
Free Homosexuality Paper
Regardless of normal sexual orientation, people are at risk of psychological and emotional problems generating from different issues. Therefore, LGBT youth generally are at more risk of mental disorders since they not only have to come to terms with their own sexuality or gender rather they have to deal with homophobic, misunderstandings and biased attitudes among people around them. Haas and Eliason demonstrated that generally there existed a high rate of mood and anxiety disorders among this group a key risk factor for suicidal behavior. In recent studies, research has provided epidemiological evidence that gay people particularly the younger ones, bisexuals, lesbians and transgender are at a higher risk group of attempted suicide more than the general public. In view of the above this paper discusses the suicide rates among LGBT and prevention measures (Haas & Eliason, 2014).
According to (Hatzenbuehler, 2011) the reasons for elevated rates of suicide among the group is due to Stigma, discrimination and prejudice which creates a demanding and hostile social environment that causes mental instability in these groups. There is sufficient proof that throughout the lifespan of LGBT they experience discrimination in form of personal rejection, bullying, hostility and physical violence (Hatzenbuehler, 2011). One of the most powerful stressors is perhaps the rejection of an individual by members of his own family such as parents. Other reasons for this have been cited as heterosexual centered community and institutionalized homophobia in most cases. Institution discrimination as a result of public institutions policies and law that out rightly creates some kind of inequality and fails in its prerogative to protect minorities against acts of discrimination on sexual orientation basis (Hatzenbuehler, 2011).
A perfect example of institution discrimination is the suicide of a Rutgers student. Tyler Clementi committed suicide on September 22 due to invasion of his own privacy. He jumped from the George Washington Bridge following an incident involving a sex tape of a sexual activity with another man (Wiener-Bronner, 2010). The young man’s roommate Dharun Ravi and another posted the video tapings on the internet. Ravi apparently used a computer camera to watch and record Clementi in an encounter of romance with a man and later talked about it and shared it on twitter (Wiener-Bronner, 2010). Clementi underwent through a mirage of emotions before deciding to end his own life. This may be considered as homophobic in the sense that Ravi and his school mates had negative feelings towards non heterosexual behavior. Different factors contribute to homophobic behaviors such as relationships, identity and community beliefs (Wiener-Bronner, 2010).
The above factors may lead to homophobic behaviors manifesting in different forms such as physical attack, homophobic jokes and discrimination in an institution or work place. Suicide ranks third as the death cause among young people of between the ages of 15-29.This is according to a research released by (NMHA) National Mental Association in 2002. LGBT are two times sometimes up to five times more likely to attempt suicide than their counterparts who are heterosexuals (American Association of Suicidology , 2014). In a study done in the year 2011 by the journal of pediatrics, 21.5% of LGBT youth said that they had at one time attempted suicide as compared to 4.2% of heterosexuals. The survey further identified that among LGBT group the percentage risk for attempted suicide was 20% more in regards to those in unsupportive relation as compare to those in supportive environments (American Association of Suicidology , 2014).
Young people regardless of gender, age or sexual orientation requires a loving and a nurturing environment. They also need caring and supportive parents by their side to provide guidance in their life for them to develop into healthy adulthood. Several protective factors may assist to promote healthy being. Since being in a sexual minority group carries with it some stigma in society, LGBT youths may feel less cared for, un-accepted or un-supported than the heterosexual youths. This explains the risky behaviors and tendencies to commit suicide (Haas & Eliason, 2014). To protect the LGBT groups, significant adults in their lives like parents, teachers, and other important adults need to offer guidance care and to this youths. Providing conducive environment in institutions and create laws that prohibits minority discrimination. Additionally encouraging the youth to seek help when contemplating suicide and provide supportive resources like counseling centers. All this are vital factors that may help the LGBT to feel accepted and supported in the community (Hatzenbuehler, 2011).
American Association of Suicidology . (2014, April 6). Suicidal Behavior Among Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth. Retrieved April 6, 2014, from Fact Sheet
Haas, A. P., & Eliason, M. (2014). Suicide and Suicide Risk in Lesbian, Gay,Bisexual, and Transgender Populations:Review and Recommendations. Journal of Homosexuality .
Hatzenbuehler, M. L. (2011). The Social Env
Originally posted on March 20, 2020 @ 8:08 am